Within the scope of the USP monograph modernization, potassium is determined in potassium bitartrate applying cation chromatography with direct conductivity detection. The USP41 monograph for “Potassium bitartrate” does not yet mention an assay for potassium. The separation is performed on a Metrosep C 6 - 150/4.0 column (L76). The assay of potassium is performed with two commercially available products according to USP definitions. All acceptance criteria are fulfilled.