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In this White Paper, details of the electronic (PGSTAT) and electrochemical cell grounding are presented together with the necessity of using a floating PGSTAT for different application and experimental examples.


Due to the wide variation of experimental requirements and kinds of electrochemical cells, the use of an electrochemical instrument with a selectable floating feature (such as VIONIC) which brings additional versatility to the user is recommended.

Learn more about VIONIC powered by INTELLO's Selectable Floating feature

Download free white paper

This white paper gives a definition of non-floating and floating, outlines typical applications for each mode, and presents supplemental accessories for further customization.


Metrohm AG

9100 Herisau