You have been redirected to your local version of the requested page

Water hardness is one of the most popular analyses when it comes to water quality determination, being important for both human health and industrial productivity.

Until now, various national and international norms described the analysis of water hardness by manual titration with visual endpoint determination. This subjective technique is prone to human errors and can lead to less accurate and reproducible results. The new norm ASTM D8192 presents how water hardness (total, calcium, and magnesium hardness) can be determined by photometric titration with an optical sensor for objective endpoint determination.

Automated water hardness determination:

Advantages of new ASTM D8192

  1. Robust: reliable endpoint detection even in colored samples for accurate and reproducible results
  2. Optrode sensor from Metrohm: low detection limits and integration in automated systems for high-throughput analysis
  3. Maintenance-free: simple rinsing of the sensor prior to the measurement is sufficient

Learn more about ASTM D8192

Download free white paper

This free white paper describes the determination of total, calcium, and magnesium hardness using an optical sensor (such as the Optrode from Metrohm) to detect the titration endpoint with superior reliability according to ASTM D8192.

The Optrode: Making the slightest color change visible

61115000 Optrode held in one hand against shady background (470 nm led on)

The Optrode from Metrohm is a sensor for photometric titrations. The sensor detects slight color changes by determining the change in absorbance of the sample at a specific wavelength. It then converts the absorption into a measurable potential.

The objective results obtained with an Optrode are more accurate and precise compared to visual endpoint determinations carried out by laboratory analysts.

Learn more about the Optrode

Application note: Total, calcium, and magnesium hardness in water samples

Flyer: Water hardness by photometric titration as per ASTM D8192 (8.000.5461, PDF, 233 KB)

ASTM D8192: How can Metrohm assist you?