Determination of iron, copper and vanadium by adsorptive stripping voltammetry

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This Application Bulletin describes the voltammetric determination of the elements iron, copper and vanadium. Fe as well as Cu and V can be determined as catechol complex at the HMDE by adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV). Fe(II) and Fe(III) are determined as Fe(total) with the same sensitivity for both species in either phosphate buffer or PIPES electrolyte. Cu and V can be determined in PIPES buffer.
The methods are primarily suitable for the investigation of ground, drinking and surface waters, in which the concentration of these metals is important. But the methods can naturally also be used for trace analysis in other matrices.
The limit of detection for all three elements in PIPES buffer is 0.5 ... 1 µg/L, for iron in phosphate buffer it is approx. 5 µg/L.