Online analysis of nickel ion & hypophosphite content

In an electroless plating bath, the consumed ingredients have to be regularly replenished to ensure an even layer of nickel-phosphorus alloy. This requires online monitoring of the active bath constituents. Parameters to be controlled are pH value (4.5–5.0) as well as nickel (NiSO4 < 10 g/L) and hypophosphite concentration (NaH2PO2: 1–12%). Other measurement options include sulfate, alkalinity, and organic additives (via CVS).