Determination of water-soluble carbonyl compounds in cyclic and acyclic solvents by potentiometric titration

Compounds with carbonyl groups can be prone to oxidation for which reason their stability often decreases during storage or processing. The method presented here is suitable for the determination of aldehydes and ketones sparingly soluble in water.
Samples are dissolved in deionized water. After a reaction with the hydroxylamine hydrochloride at 50 °C, carbonyl groups are quickly and accurately determined by potentiometric titration using the dUnitrode and sodium hydroxide as titrant.