Fe(II) in iron sucrose injection (USP) – Polarographic determination of limit of iron(II) according to USP 39–NF 34

Iron sucrose injection is a dark brown liquid which contains sucrose and iron(III) hydroxide in an aqueous solution, commonly used for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. As a medical product, iron sucrose is subject to strict controls. Among other tests, the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) requires to monitor the limit of Fe(II) in the iron sucrose injection solution by polarography. The benefit of polarography is that Fe(II) and Fe(III) show signals at different potentials, and therefore an easier determination of Fe(II) without a previous separation of the two oxidation states is possible.


The 884 Professional VA together with the viva software allows a straightforward determination of the Fe(II) content of iron sucrose injection solution following the requirements of the USP. The Fe(II) content is automatically calculated and stored in a database together with all relevant determination and calculation parameters.