Determination of carbonyl compounds in oils by potentiometric titration

Carbonyl compounds occur in many products such as bio-oils and fuels, solvents, flavors, and mineral oils. Carbonyl compounds are often prone to oxidation and thus their content has an influence on stability during storage or processing. Especially for pyrolysis bio-oils, stability issues are observed during storage, handling, and upgrading.
Oils are dissolved in isopropanol. After a reaction with the hydroxylamine hydrochloride at 50 °C, a fast and accurate determination by potentiometric titration using the dSolvotrode and tetra-n-butylammonium hydroxide as titrant is performed.