Online and atline analysis of acids and iron in pickling baths

In steel production, the pickling process aims at preparing the steel surface for subsequent process steps. These pickling baths contain HCl, H2SO4, HNO3, HF, H3PO4, Fe2+, Fe3+. For reproducible surface treatment, bath composition has to be continuously monitored. This is best done with titration using rugged Metrohm Process Analyzers, as described in the following.