Cations in sodium rich wastewater

Wastewaters often contain high loads of sodium, making the determination of minor cations quite a challenge. In the present wastewater study, the determination of lithium, ammonium, zinc, strontium, and barium is requested. If the sodium concentration exceeds 2 g/L, this negatively influences the peak shape of closely eluting peaks. Applying a appropriate dilution factor to the sample enables the quantification of minor cations. Therefore zinc and barium can be properly quantified with a dilution ratio of 1:2, while lithium and ammonium require minimum dilution factors of at least 1:10 and 1:100, respectively.