UOP 939-96: Basic Nitrogen in LPG by Ion Chromatography

Natural liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases (e.g. propane and butane), but it also contains acidic contaminants (e.g. carbon dioxide or hydrogen sulfide). These gases need to be scrubbed from the petroleum gas as they are highly corrosive. This purification step, referred to as «sweetening», is often performed by using alkaline amine solutions. Thereby the amine solution absorbs the acidic gases, while the raw LPG is neutralized. To guarantee that amine residues in the sweetened gas do not influence the gas quality, the amines in the final LPG are determined by scrubbing the gas with acetic acid as described in UOP 936-96. The recent method enables the quantification of the amines dimethylamine (DMA), diethylamine (DEA), dipropylamine (DPA), and dibutylamine (DBA) by separation from standard cations.