Determination of 4-carboxybenzaldehyde in terephthalic acid by polarography

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4-Carboxybenzaldehyde, in the following referred to as 4-CBA, can be reduced directly at the dropping mercury electrode (DME) in an ammoniacal solution. After a very simple sample preparation it is now possible to determine the concentration of 4-CBA in terephthalic acid quickly and precisely by polarography down to the lower ppm range.